Expert  & Mastery 
Become an Expert or Master Listener, Reader, Writer and Speaker.


This course will help you to understand the different ways we listen, read, write and speak.
The activities will give you the chance to practise your skills.

This course will help you to improve your general English
language abilities, while preparing for the International ESOL test. 


Become an Expert or Master Listener


Become an Expert or Master Reader


Become an Expert or Master Writer


Become an Expert or Master Speaker

Become an Expert or Master Listener

Understanding register, stress/intonation, idiomatic and colloquial English.

  • Listening to respond

    Part 1 

    • Stress matters! The importance of stress and intonation in functional language

    • Phrasal verbs - ‘Work it out!’ Understanding phrasal verbs in their natural context.

    • Idioms - ‘Can I give you a hand?’ The expression of ideas and feelings in a metaphorical rather than a literal way. 

    • Formal or informal? - Becoming sensitive to the differing degrees of formality used in spoken English

    • Express yourself! feelings, opinions, attitudes, etc in everyday functional language


    Test Practice - with tips from examiners.

  • Listening to dialogues

    Part 2

    • Context, relationships and gist - Identifying the relationships between the speakers,

    • the context and the main gist of their conversations

    • Attitudes and opinions - Understanding how meaning can change based on the attitude and opinion of the speaker.

    • Feelings - What you say and how you say it! Understanding feelings and the situations that can give rise to them.

    Test Practice - with tips from examiners.

  • Listening for key information

    Part 3

    • Explorers: How to retain key information

    • Farming: What do you already know?

    • Cycling: Predicting the answers

    • Summarising in five words or less: paying attention to the words that are ‘key’ and those that can be omitted

    • Listening for information: developing the skills to extract relevant information and to identify redundant information from the body of a monologue.

    Test Practice - with tips from examiners.

  • Following a discussion

    Part 4

    • How fast should food be? Getting the gist of the discussion

    • Agreeing and disagreeing: Looking for key ideas and attitudes of the speakers and specific details or markers that signal whether a speaker is going to agree or disagree with something that has just been said

    • Travel and tourism: The difference between fact and opinion; knowing what kinds of opinion or idea you should be listening for and identifying distracting material.


    Test practice - with tips from examiners.

Become an Expert or Master Reader

Understand idioms.

Appreciate how metaphors, similes and other literary devices are used.
Read between the lines.

  • Understanding text structure

    Part 1 

    • Does the writer say this? – Deciding which sentences accurately reflect the meaning of the text.

    • Idioms - deciphering the meaning of idioms using context without using a dictionary.

    • Metaphors - Understanding use and meaning.

    • Similes -  Using similes to emphasis a point and make comparisons 

    • Spotting idioms, metaphors and similes – appreciate how metaphors, similes and other literary devices are used to accurately reflect the meaning of the text.

    • Reading between the lines - Being able to identify whether a statement exactly represents what is written in a text or not.

    Test practice - with tips from examiners.

  • Understanding the sequence of a text

    Part 2

    • Reading English - Types of sentences - An introduction

    • Reference words - understanding the sequence of a text.

    • Cohesive devices - Recognising and using Cohesive devices.

    • Complex sentences - Understanding standard English even when complex sentence structures are used.

    • Types of sentences - Conclusion

    Test Practice - with tips from examiners.

  • Understanding the purpose of a text

    Part 3

    • Writer’s purpose - Skimming and scanning.

    • Intended audience - A matter of register.

    • Writer’s opinion - Positive or negative nuances and connotations; and emphatic words.

    • Identifying purpose -Reading for general meaning and specific content and avoiding distractors.


    Test Practice - with tips from examiners.

  • Reading for key information

    Part 4

    • Answering concisely - Reducing answers to three words without losing any important information.

    • Explaining in your own words - Using context to find an appropriate definition; academic phrases.

    • Gathering information - Summarising and recognising text development as well as locating specific information and opinion; Reading between the lines, inferring meaning and spotting rhetorical devices like irony.


    Test practice - with tips from examiners.


Become an Expert or Master Writer

Identifying the specified purposes of tasks.
Structuring your argument or point of view.
Planning in order to ensure that all relevant content is included.
Selecting a style of writing appropriate to the target reader.
Checking to locate and correct errors.

  • Writing a formal response

    Part 1 

    • What do we write? - What are you expected to produce at C1/C2 Expert and Mastery levels.

    • You are the expert - Effective writing and making a positive impression on the target reader; Conventions that characterise different types of formal writing.

    • Formal letters - differing degrees of formality; content and style.

    • Articles - Degrees of formality and capturing the reader’s attention and interest; putting yourself in the position of the target reader.

    • Reports - How present facts and recommendations clearly and efficiently; structure and layout.

    • Constructing an argument - Producing discursive compositions, 


    Test Practice - with tips from examiners.

  • Writing on a topic

    Part 2

    • Every picture tells a story…Painting a picture with words; choosing vocabulary appropriate to the task; The importance of planning; Making an impression.

    • Narratives - Organising and writing into a logical sequence and using the correct verb forms and structures to express past-time notions.

    • Informal letters - Selecting the appropriate language and functions to appear more informal and natural.

    Test Practice - with tips from examiners.

Become an Expert or Master Speaker

The activities in this course will give you a chance to practise speaking English.
It builds on the vocabulary and grammar you already know and will help you
learn more.

The activities are designed to build your confidence in key areas:
effective communication, accuracy,
range, pronunciation and fluency.

  • Giving personal information

    Part 1 

    • Sounds interesting  

    • What’s in a name?

    • Study experience and achievements

    • Travel

    • Personal strengths and weaknesses

    • Who we are

    • The world of work

    • Speaking of English

    • Looking back and looking forward


    Test practice - with tips from examiners.

  • Social situations

    Part 2

    • Asking questions and giving information

    • Advising and making suggestions

    • Persuading, insisting, responding to persuasion

    • Complaining and resolving problems

    • Expressing opinions, agreeing and disagreeing

    • Describing things, places and people

    • Narrating and remembering

    • Expressing feelings


    ùTest Practice - with tips from examiners.

  • Exchanging information and opinions

    Part 3

    • Surveys and questionnaires

    • Planning campaigns

    • Ranking and prioritising

    • Preparing itineraries

    • Discussion and elimination

    • Reasoning and choosing ‘the most’ and ‘the least’

    • Agreeing and disagreeing

    • Preparing for the test

    Test Practice - with tips from examiners.

  • Presenting a topic

    Part 4

    • Favourite places

    • New challenges and mixed feelings

    • A classic of its kind

    • Proverbs

    • Storytelling

    • Influential people

    • Personal landmarks

    • Resolutions and good intentions


    Test practice - with tips from examiners.

Caledonian English


Via Geremia Di Scanno, 72 - 76121 - Barletta (BAT) ITALY

Tel/Whatsapp: +39 3880538561

UK: +44 1582807641

Skype: Caledonian English


PEC: davidalexander.macfarlane@widipec.it



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© 2020 Caledonian English di MacFarlane David Alexander · P. IVA 03071020808 · Barletta - Iscrizione alla Gestione Separata come Professionista.