European Citizenship

A2 English Course

Vocabulary List

The following tables include the vocabulary typically tested at Breakthrough (Level 4). 

Present Review A2

Grammar: A review of the present simple and present continuous tenses. 

Past Review A2

Grammar: A review of the past simple and past continuous tenses. 

Changes - Present Perfect A2

  • Grammar: A review of the present perfect tense through

  • Listening & Speaking:  language practice and role play.

Future Review A2

  • Grammar: A review of the structures going to, will and the present continuous for talking about the future.

ASKING QUESTIONS A2

  • Grammar: Revision and practice of question structures.

  • Speaking: Asking each other questions about Barack Obama.

FIRST CONDITIONAL REVIEW A2

  • Grammar: A review the first conditional structure. 

Copy Of -Nouns

Review of plurals; countable and uncountable; a/the/no article
 

  • Context Listening & speaking: advertisements and announcements on a local radio station (formal)

  •  

  • Exam Practice: Listening Part 3​

Modals 3

certainty and possibility; ability

  • Context Listening & speaking: speculating about images and listening to quiz programme. (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 1

Copy Of -Determiners and pronouns 1

Determiners and pronouns 1 

some/any; somebody/anybody etc.; much/many etc.
 

  • Context Listening & speaking: answering machine messages, listening for purpose (informal)

  •  Exam Practice: Reading Part 3​

Prepositions 1

Prepositions 1: place and movement

  • Context Listening & speaking: Holiday receptionist telling guests about a park (formal).

  • Exam Practice: Writing Part 3

Determiners and pronouns 1

Determiners and pronouns 1 

some/any; somebody/anybody etc.; much/many etc.
 

  • Context Listening & speaking: answering machine messages, listening for purpose (informal)

  •  Exam Practice: Reading Part 3​

Present Review

Review: Basic differences between the present simple and present continuous. State Verbs

Context Listening & speaking: Tour guide announcement; places in the city and travel (formal)

  • Exam Practice: Writing Part 2

Copy Of -Determiners and pronouns 3

Determiners and pronouns 3 

 

’s/of ; personal pronouns; possessives; reflexive pronouns; there/it + to be

  • Context Listening & speaking: talking about a soap opera on TV (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Listening Part 2​​

Copy Of -The -ing form

to or -ing?: verbs + to infinitive; make and let; verbs + -ing; verbs + to infinitive or -ing

  • Context Listening & speaking: Listening and talking about computers (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 1​

Adverbs

Adverbs: using and forming adverbs; irregular adverbs; adverb position;modifying adverbs and adjective

  • Context Listening & speaking: family relations and celebrations; expressing disappointment (informal)

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 5

Past Review

Review of the Past simple and Past continuous tenses

  • Context Listening & speaking: Listening for attitude, tone (informal)

  •  

  • Exam Practice:  Writing Part 3

Copy Of -Modals 3

certainty and possibility; ability

  • Context Listening & speaking: speculating about images and listening to quiz programme. (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 1

So/such; too/enough

so/such (+ that); enough and too (+ to infinitive and for)

  • Context Listening & speaking: talking about personal issues (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Writing Part 1

Present Perfect & Past Perfect Tense Review 1 & 2

Review of the Present perfect simple and past simple; have gone and have been

  • Context Listening & speaking: friends  and relationships; experiences, attitudes, feelings (informal)

  • Exam Practice: Writing Part 1​

Review of the past perfect and past simple; used to past perfect and past simple; used to

  • Context Listening & speaking: Radio interview, memories of the past (formal)

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 5

Copy Of -Linking words 1

Linking words 1
because (of), as and since; so and therefore; to and in order to

  • Context Listening & speaking: Describing the storyline of a TV programme (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 3​

Writing Functions

Useful tips and language functions for the written part of the exam.

Future Review

Review of future tenses  will; going to; present continuous; present simple. 

  • Context Listening & speaking: friends talking about weekend and plans (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 1​

Copy Of -Determiners and pronouns 2

Determiners and pronouns  2

 

this/that etc.; all/most etc.; both/either/neither ; each/every

  • Context Listening & speaking: TV program and radio talk show (semi-formal)

  • Exam Practice: Writing Part 1

Questions & Answers

Questions: agreeing with statements yes/no; short answers; question words;

  • Context Listening & speaking: celebrity question time phone-in (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 4

Adjectives

Adjectives - adjective position; adjective order; -ing/-ed adjectives;
nouns as adjectives

  • Context Listening & speaking: Clothes and shopping; Feelings (informal)

  •  

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 2

Copy Of -Past Review

Review of the Past simple and Past continuous tenses

  • Context Listening & speaking: Listening for attitude, tone (informal)

  •  

  • Exam Practice:  Writing Part 3

Copy Of -Prepositions 2 & 3

Prepositions 2: time

  • Context Listening & speaking: talking about sport on the radio (semi-formal).

  • ​ Exam Practice: Reading Part 4

 

Prepositions 3: expressions with prepositions;  verbs and adjectives + prepositions; phrasal verbs

  • Context Listening & speaking: student talking to teacher about future prospects with phrasal verbs (semi-formal).

  • Exam Practice: Writing Part 2

Copy Of -Conditionals 2

Conditionals 2
second conditional; I wish

 

  • Context Listening & speaking: radio interview with songwriter talking about her wishes for the future (semi-formal).

  •  Exam Practice: Reading Part 4

Modal verbs 2

obligation; necessity; orders and advice obligation; necessity; orders and advice

 

  • Context Listening & speaking: girl telling her mother about a TV programme (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Writing Part 3

Copy Of -to or -ing?

to or -ing?: verbs + to infinitive; make and let; verbs + -ing; verbs + to infinitive or -ing

  • Context Listening & speaking: a man talking to two students about making jewellery; giving reasons (semi-formal)

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 5

Reported Speech 1

Reported speech 1.

reporting what someone said; words which change

  • Context Listening & speaking: friends reporting on past events (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Writing Part 1​

The Passive

passive voice. passive forms and uses; to have something done

  • Context Listening & speaking: Talking about science fiction films (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 2

Copy Of -Reported Speech 2

Reported speech 2.

said and told; other verbs used for reporting; reporting questions; polite questions

  • Context Listening & speaking: colleagues discussing newspaper report (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 4

Modal verbs 1

general notes; asking someone to do something; suggestions and offers; permission

 

  • Context Listening & speaking: colleagues talking about their jobs (semi-formal).

  • Exam Practice: Listening Part 1

Conditionals 1

Conditionals 1
zero conditional; first conditional: unless

  • Context Listening & speaking: job interview (semi-formal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 3

Copy Of -Present Perfect & Past Perfect Tense Review 1 & 2

Review of the Present perfect simple and past simple; have gone and have been

  • Context Listening & speaking: friends  and relationships; experiences, attitudes, feelings (informal)

  • Exam Practice: Writing Part 1​

Review of the past perfect and past simple; used to past perfect and past simple; used to

  • Context Listening & speaking: Radio interview, memories of the past (formal)

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 5

Copy Of -Linking words 2

Linking words 1
because (of), as and since; so and therefore; to and in order to

  • Context Listening & speaking: Describing the storyline of a TV programme (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 3​

Linking words 2

but/(al)though; in spite of; despite; both … and; either … or
 

  • Context Listening & speaking: customer complaint about his holiday (formal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 1

Relative clauses

which; who and that; whose and where
 

  • Context Listening & speaking: tour of television studios. (formal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 2

Copy Of -Future Review

Review of future tenses  will; going to; present continuous; present simple. 

  • Context Listening & speaking: friends talking about weekend and plans (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 1​

Speaking Functions

Useful tips and language functions for the Speaking part of the exam.

Copy Of -Adjectives

Adjectives - adjective position; adjective order; -ing/-ed adjectives;
nouns as adjectives

  • Context Listening & speaking: Clothes and shopping; Feelings (informal)

  •  

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 2

Duolingo

Your English class is going to use Duolingo at school. These are the instructions to join GUID2019!

 

If you are on a computer, go here: https://www.duolingo.com/o/hmkktu

If you are on a smartphone or tablet:

1. Download the Duolingo app and open it up.

2. Press Get Started. Then select English.

3. Set your Daily Goal and continue (you can change this later).

4. Create a Profile:

On Android, press the menu icon at the top right corner and press Create a Profile.

On iOS, press Profile in the top left corner and press Create a Profile.

5. Type in your Name, Email and Password, then press Create.

6. Go to your Profile and press Progress Sharing.

7. Type in your Classroom Code: HMKKTU

8. Press Join Class.

Copy Of -Prepositions 1

Prepositions 1: place and movement

  • Context Listening & speaking: Holiday receptionist telling guests about a park (formal).

  • Exam Practice: Writing Part 3

Comparisons

Comparisons: comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs; comparing nouns

  • Context Listening & speaking: Magazines, music; Radio interview (formal)

  •  

  • Exam Practice: Writing Part 1

Nouns

Review of plurals; countable and uncountable; a/the/no article
 

  • Context Listening & speaking: advertisements and announcements on a local radio station (formal)

  •  

  • Exam Practice: Listening Part 3​

Determiners and pronouns 3

Determiners and pronouns 3 

 

’s/of ; personal pronouns; possessives; reflexive pronouns; there/it + to be

  • Context Listening & speaking: talking about a soap opera on TV (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Listening Part 2​​

The -ing form

to or -ing?: verbs + to infinitive; make and let; verbs + -ing; verbs + to infinitive or -ing

  • Context Listening & speaking: Listening and talking about computers (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 1​

Linking words 1

Linking words 1
because (of), as and since; so and therefore; to and in order to

  • Context Listening & speaking: Describing the storyline of a TV programme (informal).

  • Exam Practice: Reading Part 3​

Copy Of -Modal verbs 1

general notes; asking someone to do something; suggestions and offers; permission

 

  • Context Listening & speaking: colleagues talking about their jobs (semi-formal).

  • Exam Practice: Listening Part 1

Prepositions 2 & 3

Prepositions 2: time

  • Context Listening & speaking: talking about sport on the radio (semi-formal).

  • ​ Exam Practice: Reading Part 4

 

Prepositions 3: expressions with prepositions;  verbs and adjectives + prepositions; phrasal verbs

  • Context Listening & speaking: student talking to teacher about future prospects with phrasal verbs (semi-formal).

  • Exam Practice: Writing Part 2

Copy Of -Reported Speech 1

Reported speech 1.

reporting what someone said; words which change